1.
An astrologer, who claims that there is a correlation between birth date and many personality traits, is actually practicing a form of _________ rather than actual science.
A.
psychology
B.
nonexperimental study
C.
pseudopsychology
D.
descriptive analysis


2.
When psychologists help people stop addictive behaviors, improve their work environments, become less depressed, improve their family relationships, and so on, their goal it to:
A.
describe.
B.
explain.
C.
predict.
D.
change.


3.
Approximately half of all advanced psychology degrees are awarded in the area of:
A.
counseling psychology.
B.
clinical psychology.
C.
school psychology.
D.
educational psychology.


4.
It is 1879 and Edward is in a psychology research laboratory. He is asked to focus on the ticking of a metronome and report his immediate reactions. The laboratory most likely belonged to __________ and the method was called __________.
A.
Wundt; introspection
B.
Wundt; dream analysis
C.
James; psychoanalysis
D.
James; free association


5.
Phobias and alcoholism have been successfully treated using therapeutic techniques from which of the following perspectives?
A.
Evolutionary
B.
Cognitive
C.
Behavioral
D.
Sociocultural


6.
Which school of psychology emphasizes self-concept, free will, and human nature as naturally positive and growth-seeking?
A.
Psychoanalytic
B.
Humanistic
C.
Behavioral
D.
Cognitive


7.
Anitra is a psychologist who is researching the role of social forces in the development of prejudice toward minority members of the community. What is most likely her specialty?
A.
biopsychology/neuroscience
B.
counseling psychology
C.
experimental psychology
D.
sociocultural psychology


8.
Research by __________ documented the harmful effects of prejudice and directly influenced the Supreme Court's ultimate ruling against racial segregation in schools.
A.
Kenneth & Mamie Clark
B.
Mary Calkins
C.
Francis Cecil Sumner
D.
Margaret Floy Washburn


9.
Lera is conducting an experiment focused how people from different cultures understand the concept of time. What type of research is this?
A.
basic research
B.
applied research
C.
correlational research
D.
none of the above


10.
Sarah, a graduate student studying industrial psychology, is researching the effect of employee incentives on absenteeism. She has already conducted her literature review; according to the scientific method, what is Sarah's next step in her scientific investigation?
A.
Statistical analysis
B.
Hypothesis
C.
Theory
D.
Research design


11.
Simone is doing research with head injury victims who are in physical therapy. She believes that the addition of music to their physical therapy routine will enable them to better coordinate their motor skills. She randomizes the patients into two groups. Group A will get the regular physical therapy sessions. Group B will get the identical physical therapy sessions while listening to music. What is the independent variable?
A.
physical therapy
B.
music
C.
motor skills
D.
type of head injury


12.
A study randomized school-aged children into either a small class or a large class. When tested years later, children who had spend their K-3 years in small classes scored better on all tests of academic performance than did the students in larger classes. What is the dependent variable?
A.
small class size
B.
large class size
C.
academic performance
D.
none of the above


13.
Rats are randomized into two groups. The rats in Group A are fed an adequate diet of food pellets. The rats in Group B are given an identical diet but are also fed an antioxidant supplement each day. Once the rats are elderly, the rats in Group B show significantly better performance on tests of memory than rats in Group A. Which of the following statements are true?
A.
Group A is the control group, and Group B is the experimental group.
B.
Group A is the experimental group, and Group B is the control group.
C.
Both groups are control groups.
D.
Both groups are experimental groups.


14.
Oxytocin is a hormone thought to play a role in relationship formation and love. In a study, members of the experimental group receive injections of oxytocin while members of the control group receive injections of saline solution, an inactive substance. In this study, the saline solution serves as a(n) ___________.
A.
independent variable
B.
dependent variable
C.
placebo
D.
none of the above


15.
Andrew is asking public school teachers a series of questions about the types of problems they encounter most in their classrooms and about their attitudes and perceptions toward their work and communities. What type of technique is he using?
A.
experiment
B.
survey
C.
natural observation
D.
case study



16.
Dr. Anthony Damasio and his colleagues studied a woman who could not recognize the facial expression of fear. After neurological tests and extensive interviews, they discovered that this inability resulted from damage to her amygdala. This in-depth study of one person is called a:
A.
survey.
B.
naturalistic observation.
C.
case study.
D.
laboratory observation.


17.
Using a descriptive method, a researcher finds a strong negative correlation between emotional stress and immune system functioning. What does this mean?
A.
Stress causes the immune system to malfunction.
B.
As stress increases, immune function tends to decrease.
C.
As stress increases, immune function tends to increase.
D.
Stress and immune function are not related.



18.
Which correlation coefficient reflects the strongest relationship?
A.
+0.67
B.
–0.71
C.
+0.32
D.
–0.45


19.
Sam is having a scan done of his brain. He is given an injection of a radioactive form of glucose. He is asked to sing aloud, read, and then sit quietly. A researcher is able to identify the areas of Sam's brain that are most active during each activity. What type of method, shown below, is being used to take a picture of Sam's brain?
A.
CT scan
B.
PET scan
C.
MRI scan
D.
fMRI scan



20.
The acronym SQ4R stands for ______.
A.
survey, question, read, recite, review, write
B.
survey, quantify, research, review, recite, record
C.
survey, quantify, read, review, record, replay
D.
none of the above




STOP This is the end of the test. When you have completed all the questions and reviewed your answers, press the button below to grade the test.