1.
The concept of development is __________
A.
about being nodes along commodity chains.
B.
about transforming peripheral processes into core processes.
C.
about redirecting profit generated through core processes to improve the periphery.
D.
elusive.
E.
All of these.


2.
__________ best measures a country's wealth in the context of the global economy, but masks extremes in the distribution of wealth within a country.
A.
Gross National Product (GNP)
B.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
C.
Gross National Income (GNI)
D.
Gross Global Income (GGI)
E.
Gross International Income (GII)


3.
Critics argue that __________ has a Western bias, and treats countries as autonomous units moving through a process at different speeds.
A.
the informal economy
B.
the dependency ratio
C.
de Blij's Modernization Model
D.
Rostow's Modernization Model
E.
Taylor's Modernization Model


4.
A __________ holds that difficult-to-change, large-scale economic arrangements shape what can happen in fundamental ways.
A.
world theory
B.
dependency theory
C.
contextural theory
D.
structuralist theory
E.
dollarization theory


5.
Key goals of the United Nations Millennium Declaration include all of the following except __________
A.
reduce child mortality.
B.
ensure environmental sustainability.
C.
eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
D.
eliminate terrorism.
E.
improve maternal health.


6.
In order to secure structural adjustment loans countries often have to __________
A.
implement economic or government reforms.
B.
privatize government entities.
C.
open up to foreign trade.
D.
encourage foreign direct investment.
E.
All of these.


7.
Malaria __________
A.
is a vectored disease.
B.
kills about 150,000 children each month.
C.
is spread by mosquitoes.
D.
is being fought with genetically engineered mosquitoes.
E.
All of these.


8.
Barriers to development include all of the following except __________
A.
social conditions.
B.
biologic diversity.
C.
foreign debt.
D.
disease.
E.
political corruption.


9.
Pollution, desertification, and tourism might be considered __________
A.
beneficial byproducts of development.
B.
byproducts of maquiladora development.
C.
costs of development.
D.
unsustainable development.
E.
beneficial to GDP.


10.
One critique of __________ is that they function as a parallel state, financed by foreigners and accountable to no one.
A.
universities
B.
megacity governments
C.
nongovernmental organizations
D.
United Nations subcommittees
E.
private banks.


11.
A country might move its capital in order to __________.
A.
appease ethnic minorities.
B.
stimulate economic development.
C.
encourage migration.
D.
create islands of development.
E.
All of these.



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