1.
The first steps of the Industrial Revolution involved __________
A.
the development of sophisticated coal mining technology.
B.
the development of metal needles.
C.
the development of blast furnaces.
D.
improved spinning wheels powered by foot pedals, and water powered looms.
E.
improved education for women and minorities in the United Kingdom.


2.
Britain's Industrial Revolution diffused to locations in mainland Europe that were __________
A.
near capital cities.
B.
near old growth forests and major canal networks.
C.
near coal fields and connected to major road networks.
D.
near coal fields and connected via water to ports.
E.
near major electrical power stations.


3.
By the beginning of the twentieth century, only __________ rivaled Europe's level of industrialization.
A.
Japan
B.
India
C.
North America
D.
Asia
E.
Australia


4.
Fordist production is characterized by __________
A.
horizontal integration.
B.
vertical integration.
C.
the slow pace of production.
D.
the use of foreign labor.
E.
All of these.


5.
Weber's least cost theory focused on __________
A.
transportation, labor, and agglomeration.
B.
transportation, education, and raw materials.
C.
transportation and government subsidies.
D.
transportation and commodification.
E.
transportation and globalization.


6.
Post-Fordist production is characterized by __________
A.
government subsidies.
B.
components made locally.
C.
flexible production systems.
D.
a sensitivity to human rights.
E.
All of these.


7.
Tracing the production of televisions throughout the world over time illustrates __________
A.
the current global distribution of raw materials.
B.
the current global division of labor.
C.
the current global shift to internet technology.
D.
the fact that lower labor costs are found in the core.
E.
the fact the higher labor costs are found in the periphery.


8.
China's industrial heartland is located __________
A.
along the southeast coast near Hong Kong.
B.
thousands of miles from the Pacific Ocean near raw materials.
C.
in Sichuan along the Chang Jiang River.
D.
in the Southwest District of Yunan near Kunming.
E.
in the Northeast District - formerly known as Manchuria and now called Dongbei.


9.
The term postindustrial economy __________
A.
is characterized by the rise of quaternary and quinary sectors.
B.
is characterized by the rise of primary and secondary sectors.
C.
is characterized by a global economic depression.
D.
is characterized by global terrorism.
E.
is characterized by the economic effects of global climate change.


10.
The Ruhr Valley is to __________ as the Rust Belt is to__________
A.
Russia, the United States
B.
Germany, the United States
C.
France, the United States
D.
California, Pennsylvania
E.
Texas, Ohio



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